The Florida Department of Environmental Protection ("DEP") regulates the construction of docks in order to protect habitat and water quality associated with the State's surface waterbodies. Such construction is also regulated to in an effort to manage the use of state-owned submerged lands. Therefore, prior to construction, generally a permit will need to be obtained from the DEP for the construction of a dock and the use of sovereign lands. Some docks may be exempt from permitting requirements where, due to their size and location, the docks can be expected to have minimal environmental impacts. A Consent of Use may be required to construct an exempt dock on State Lands.
What docks do not need a permit or other authorization from the DEP? 1. A private dock in an artificially created waterway where:
the construction will not violate water quality standards
the dock will not impede navigation
the dock will not affect flood control
2. Repairing or replacing existing docks or mooring pilings that:
are not part of an aquatic preserve or manatee sanctuary
are still functional or only recently damaged
are in the same location, configuration, and dimensions as the existing structure
are built without fill other than the pilings
3. A single-family dock that meets the following criteria:
not part of an aquatic preserve or manatee sanctuary
500 square feet or less if located in "Outstanding Florida Waters"
1,000 square feet or less if not located in "Outstanding Florida Waters"
structures build on the dock such as gazebos and boat shelters are not enclosed with walls and doors, are not used as living quarters or for the storage of materials other than recreational supplies
used only for recreational, noncommercial activities
there is no dredging or filling except for that necessary to install pilings
the dock and pilings do not impede the flow of water or navigation
only one dock per lot and no more than one dock per single family home
if the length of the shoreline is 65 feet or more:
docks with access walkways must be set back at least 25 feet from the property lines
docks without access walkways (marginal docks) must be set back at least 10 feet from the property lines
if the shoreline length is less than 65 feet, the dock should be centered between property line
What is required to obtain a Consent of Use to build a dock on State Lands?
the dock must extend only far enough to reach a maximum water depth of 4 feet below mean low water, 20% of the width of the waterbody, or 500 feet, whichever is less
if there is a bulkhead along the shoreline and the water depth at that point is already 4 feet below mean low water, the dock must not extend more than 25 feet beyond the bulkhead
the access walkway of the dock must not be more than 4 feet wide
the terminal platform must be no larger than 160 square feet
if the dock is over seagrasses, the boards used to construct the surface of the dock must be no more than 8 inches wide and are spaced at least 1/2 inch apart
any part of the dock located over seagrasses must be elevated 5 feet above the mean high water line
if the dock is located within an Aquatic Preserve, there must be at least 1 foot clearance (at mean low water) between the top of seagrasses and the bottom of the deepest part of the proposed boat or motor in the area to be used for boat mooring, turning, or access to deep water
DREDGE AND FILL PERMITTING
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection ("DEP") regulates dredging and filling in wetlands and other surface waters in order to protect the environment. Most residential dredging and filling by waterfront property owners will require a permit from the DEP. If the proposed activities are located on State-owned submerged lands, written authorization to use these lands will also be required from the DEP. Both the permit and authorization, if required, must be obtained prior to construction.
What is Filling? The term "filling" includes the placement or depositing of any material that is placed in wetlands or other surface waters. Dirt, sand, gravel, rocks, shell, pilings, and concrete are all considered fill if placed in wetlands.
What is Dredging? The term "dredging" refers to any type of excavation conducted in wetlands or other surface waters. Dredging includes digging, pulling up vegetation by the roots, leaving vehicular ruts, or any other activity that disturbs the soil.
What types of projects involve dredging and filling? The following types of projects when proposed by single-family waterfront property owners and located in wetlands or surface waters, generally require permits from the DEP:
Filling for a house pad, septic tank drainfield, driveway, lawn, etc.
Removing trees or other vegetation by pulling out the root ball
Installing a fence
Placing sand along the edge of a waterbody for a beach
Construction of a boat dock
Placing materials along a shoreline to create a seawall or rip-rap
Dredging in a waterway to provide new boating access
Dredging in a wetland to create a pond
Dredging a ditch to drain property
Is anything exempt from permitting? A number of dredge and fill activities are exempt from DEP permitting including:
Installation and repair of mooring pilings at private docks
Installation of private docks of 1000 square feet or less of surface area over waters, 500 square feet or less when conducted in an Outstanding Florida Water
Performance dredging of existing man-made canals and channels
Construction of seawalls or rip-rap in man-made waterways
Construction of docks in man-made waterways
Replacement or repair of existing docks
What kind of permit is needed for dredging and filling? Any activity which is not exempt from permitting activities will require an Environmental Resource Permit from the DEP. Depending upon the magnitude of the proposed activity, a Standard Permit, General Permit, or a Noticed General Permit may be required. The provisions of Chapter 62, Florida Administrative Code must be consulted to determine what type of permit will be required.
What other agencies regulate dredging and filling? Dredging and filling is also regulated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Florida Water Management Districts, Counties and Municipalities. Each jurisdiction should be consulted to determine the specific requirements concerning a proposed project.
SHORELINE STABILIZATION PERMITTING
The Department of Environmental Protection ("DEP") regulates the construction of seawalls, rip-rap, and other shoreline stabilization structures in order to protect the quality of Florida's surface waters, to protect the beach and dune system, and to protect upland property along the shoreline. Certain types of shoreline stabilization structures, because of their size, location, or proximity to other stabilization structures, can be expected to have minimal environmental impacts, and as a result, are exempt from State permitting requirements. A Consent of Use may be required to construct exempt structures on State Lands.
What shoreline stabilization structures are exempt from DEP permitting?
1. A private seawall or rip-rap in an artificially created waterway, where the proposed work:
does not violate state water quality standards
does not impede navigation
does not affect flood control
includes only that backfilling needed to level the land behind the seawall
does not involve a vertical seawall unless the proposed wall is within an existing man-made canal where legal vertical seawalls already exist along the shoreline of the canal
2. Restoration of an existing seawall or rip-rap that meets all the following criteria:
the existing wall is still functional (no breaks which allow water to flow through the seawall) or only recently damaged
the new wall is constructed at its previous location, upland of its previous location, or within one foot waterward of its previous location
the new wall involves no filling except for that used in the actual restoration of the seawall or rip-rap
the existing wall is not located in an Aquatic Preserve or manatee sanctuary
the new wall is not located waterward of the coastal construction control line
3. A private seawall or rip-rap which is not located on State-owned submerged lands and meets all of the following conditions:
the new wall is built between existing, legal seawalls or rip-rap and connects them at both ends in a continuous and uniform construction line which "closes the gap"
the new wall is not more than 150 feet in length
the new wall is not a vertical seawall
the new wall is not located seaward of the coastal construction control line
the work or materials do not cause violations of state water quality standards
the new wall will not impede navigation
the new wall will not affect flood control
4. What must be shown to construct a shoreline stabilization structure on State Lands?
There must be an adequate demonstration of significant erosion at the subject site
There are not viable alternatives to protect the uplands
The project design includes rip-rap or non-structural shoreline stabilization (such as planting vegetation) if practicable.
What are the alternatives to vertical seawalls?
RETAINING WALLS are identical to seawalls, but all portions of the wall are in the uplands. A retaining wall may be built without a permit from the DEP if all activities (dredging, filling, slope grading, or equipment access) are confined to the uplands (see Figure 1) and the wall is located landward of the coastal construction control line.
VEGETATION is a natural and inexpensive way to stabilize a shoreline. It can be used alone or in combination with other methods. Vegetation may be planted directly into the soil or with a fiber mat added for stability. Planting of native vegetation may not require a permit or Consent of Use.
RIP-RAP, which consists of loose boulders, rocks, or clean concrete rubble, can be placed along the water's edge to stabilize the shoreline and disperse the energy of the waves.
CONSERVATION EASEMENT-- A perpetual, undivided interest in property which may be created or stated in the form of a restriction, easement, or condition in any deed, will, or other instrument executed by or on behalf of the owner of property, used to retain land or water areas predominantly in their natural, scenic, open, or wooded condition. The specific purpose of a Conservation Easement is to retain land or water areas as suitable habitat for fish, plants, or wildlife. Among the uses of lands or water prohibited within a Conservation Easement are: construction or placing of buildings or other structures on or above the ground; removal or destruction of trees or other vegetation; excavation or dredging; activities detrimental to drainage, flood control, water conservation, erosion control, soil conservation, or fish and wildlife habitat preservation.
MEAN HIGH WATER LINE-- The boundary line along navigable waters between submerged lands including the foreshore, owned by the State in its sovereign capacity, and uplands subject to private ownership.
RIPARIAN RIGHTS-- Those rights incident to the ownership of lands bordering upon navigable waters. They are rights of ingress, egress, boating, bathing, fishing, and the right to an unobstructed view of the channel. Riparian rights also include the right to accretions to riparian lands.
STATE-OWNED, SOVEREIGNTY SUBMERGED LANDS-- Lands beneath navigable waters below the mean high water line, title to which was vested in the State of Florida upon its statehood in 1845, and which have not subsequently been conveyed to private ownership.p>
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